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Kejadian Tembak Mati Berhampiran USM

Gelugor, 21 Februari– Telah berlaku kejadian tembakan yang melibatkan seorang mangsa wanita berbangsa Cina di sekitar Taman Pekaka, Sungai Dua yang berdekatan Universiti Sains Malaysia kampus induk.

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Ekoran kejadian tersebut, kesesakan lalu lintas telah berlaku di dalam kawasan kampus selepas kejadian kerana pengguna mengelak daripada melalui lokasi kejadian.

Sumber foto: Laman FB Kami Anak Jati Pulau Pinang

Maklumat yang disebarkan setakat ini, saksi melihat saspek 2 lelaki menaiki motosikal lepaskan tembakan. Mangsa memandu kereta jenis BMW warna putih bernombor plat  PMD9169. Butir-butir si mati belum diketahui.

Pihak Majlis Perwakilan Pelajar USM (MPPUSM) melalui laman rasmi mereka di Facebook telah menasihatkan agar warga USM kampus induk untuk berhati-hati dan kurangkan aktiviti berdekatan lokasi kejadian.

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Walaubagaimanapun, kes ini masih dalam siasatan dan pihak kami masih menantikan keterangan rasmi pihak polis.

Maisarah Pauzi

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Umat Viral

Umat Viral
Maisarah Binti Mohamed Pauzi

Sememangnya sekarang musim netizen bersolidariti dengan umat yang tertindas seperti etnik Rohingya dan Syria. Tidak dinafikan, penindasan terhadap mereka adalah pencabulan hak asasi manusia. Walaubagaimanapun, hal ini bukan lesen untuk kita menipu, menambah perencah dan menyebarkan berita tanpa usul periksa. Mungkin kita tidak sedar terdapat gambar-gambar palsu yang diberi kapsyen ‘inilah Syria’ yang ditular (viral) di media sosial seperti gambar di bawah.

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Kenapa agaknya berita palsu seperti ini mudah tersebar dan mendapat sambutan yang hebat di alam maya? Hal ini demikian kerana :

  1. kita lebih cenderung untuk perkara yang sedang hangat dan tular(viral).
  2. Kita tidak bersungguh-sungguh ingin mengambil tahu tentang sesuatu isu.
  3. Kita tidak mengambil inisiatif untuk membaca dengan teliti dan melakukan sedikit pencarian.
  4. Yang kita tahu hanya klik butang ‘share’,’like’,’retweet’ , tukar gambar profil dan sebagainya di media sosial.
  5. Kita sekadar ikut arus semasa.
  6. Seolah-olah kalau kita diam, kita ini umat yang ‘ignorance’.

 

Akhirnya, kita menjadi ‘umat viral’ semata-mata. Umat viral ialah umat yang malas. Umat yang lebih suka bersentimen daripada menjadi rasional. Sikap reaktif sebegini sebenarnya tidak membantu dalam menyelesaikan masalah yang sedang berlaku. Bahkan, sikap ini akan mengakibatkan beberapa kesan seperti generalisasi terhadap golongan lain, salah faham dan permusuhan antara penganut agama.

Sebagai contohnya, apabila isu penindasan etnik Rohingya di Burma sedang hangat di media sosial, sering disebarkan bahawa punca isu ini adalah disebabkan oleh sikap ekstremis penganut Buddha. Lebih menyedihkan, penganut Buddha dikecam di media sosial secara pukul rata. Malah, apabila terdapat misi kemanusiaan di Burma yang melibatkan penganut Buddha, netizen memberikan komen penuh kebencian dan mempersoalkan pengorbanan sukarelawan yang terlibat. Situasi ini diceritakan oleh Dr Firdaus Hariri dalam bukunya ‘Doc N Roll’ tentang pengalamannya terlibat dalam misi bantuan kemanusiaan di Burma. Aneh ya, kerana kemanusiaan itu boleh dipilih-pilih.

Padahal, punca sebenar isu ini ialah Dasar Burmanization yang diterapkan oleh Kerajaan Tentera Burma. Etnik Rohingya tidak diberi kerakyatan Burma yang sewajarnya walaupun dah beratus tahun mereka tinggal di Burma. Masalah etnik di Burma bukan sekadar melibatkan masyarakat Rohingya semata-mata. Ada 2 lagi etnik minoriti yang ditindas, iaitu Chin/ Kachin (Kristian) dan Shan kerana tidak menerima Dasar Burmanization, sebuah dasar nasionalisme yang ekstrem. Akan tetapi, etnik Chin yang beragama Kristian mungkin lebih bernasib baik kerana mereka diterima di Negara Barat sebagai pelarian.

Konflik Islam-Buddha di Burma adalah propaganda kerajaan tentera Burma semata-mata. Sebagaimana ISIS menggunakan Islam & Jihad untuk menghalalkan keganasan mereka, kerajaan tentera Burma adalah dalang sebenar yang memperalat agama Buddha untuk menghalalkan tindakan pembersihan etnik Rohingya.Padahal, agama Buddha sangat menitikberatkan keamanan. Kenalilah agama Buddha. Kita takkan percaya agama Buddha sekejam ini.

Mengapa Buddha?Kerana pengaruh Buddha sangat kuat di Burma. Pada tahun 2007, ribuan Sami Buddha telah berdemostrasi menentang kerajaan Burma. Malah, seramai 40 orang Sami Buddha telah dibunuh oleh tentera! Kerajaan tentera Burma sedar bahawa sekiranya mereka terus-terusan melawan Buddha, mereka akan berhadapan penentangan yang lebih dahsyat. Tidak hairanlah, ada kemungkinan ‘imej sami buddha’ direka dan digunakan dalam isu pembersihan etnik ini. Perkara ini menajdi bukti agama sering diperalatkan.

Lalu, bagaimanakah sepatutnya kita bersikap dalam menerima berita di media sosial?

Pertama sekali, semaklah kesahihan berita tersebut. Buatlah sedikit kajian dan jangan mudah terpengaruh dengan sentiment berbaur kebencian. Banyakkan membaca bahan berita dari kedua-dua pihak dan nilaikan sendiri menurut akal fikiran kita. Sekiranya anda ingin menyemak sumber gambar, boleh muat naik imej di laman sesawang seperti ‘Google Search For Image’ (contoh seperti gambar di bawah).

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Kedua, apabila isu penindasan dan kezaliman terhadap mana-mana golongan dan manusia, kita perlu melihat isu tersebut dengan kaca mata seorang manusia, bukan semata-mata  sebagai seorang penganut agama. Berkata Saidina Ali RA, ‘Saudara kita, ada dua. Pertama, saudara seagama. Kedua, saudara sesama manusia.’. Tidak kiralah sesiapapun yang ditindas, sebagai manusia, kita adalah sama dan kita benci akan kezaliman dan penindasan.

Ketiga, kita tidak sewajarnya bermentaliti tertindas. Sepatutnya, kita membebaskan diri daripada wacana yang bersifat reaktif semata-mata. Mentaliti tertindas inilah yang menyebabkan seseorang bertindak untuk menarik perhatian dengan agresif sehingga sanggup memalsukan berita atau memanipulasi gambar seperti yang viral di media sosial. Bersikap proaktif adalah lebih wajar seperti menyumbangkan masa,wang dan tenaga, bukan sekadar heboh di media sosial.

Akhir sekali, sekiranya kita sememangnya tidak arif tentang sesuatu perkara, hentikan daripada menyebarkannya! Jangan jadi umat viral!

(Ingatlah) di waktu kamu menerima berita bohong itu dari mulut ke mulut dan kamu katakan dengan mulutmu apa yang tidak kamu ketahui sedikit juga, dan kamu menganggapnya suatu yang ringan saja. Padahal dia pada sisi Allah adalah besar.
(QS: An Nur:15)

 

 

 

 

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Prospect of Economic Journalism in Malaysia

Nur Hasliza
Universiti Sains Malaysia

Upon completing my elective subject of Economic Journalism for this semester, the pressure of the final exam creeps in. However, the prospect of Economic Journalism in our country poses a certain worries within myself.

The knowledge received from the class have indeed widen up my horizon and believing that it is a hard task to become an economic journalist however it is crucial to have such journalist in order to serve the community.

Economy is usually tagged along with money and finance where the same mindset is inserted into the multiple layers of society. Its a fact! However,  the scholar like Chris Roush mentioned that economy is a beat within everybody where all could be traced back to a single denominator which is MONEY!

Money is important in every part of society. Throughout society, most of that money is generated from business and consumer spending. Governments receive tax money to operate. Where does the tax money come from? From consumers and and businesses in government’s jurisdiction. Sports team need money to pay athletes and build the arenas.

Where does that money come from? From the people and corporations who pay to watch the games.

Business and economy are related to everything. Thats why, economic news and reporting were developed. This reporting style responsible to tell you and other consumers about the decisions they make each day, and think how those decisions affect the local and national economies and the performances of the companies whose goods,products, and services that you are not or you are purchasing.

most-influential-journalists-today
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These economic journalist are the group of social agent who are going to explain the effect of all of those decisions to the newspaper,viewers and even the listeners of the radio station. Plus, globally, publications have led the way of improving living conditions by educating consumers, thereby leading them in making decision to purchase the best and safer products.

For example, Reader’s Digest which was not widely known since its first publication. The magazine had expose the potential dangers of smoking and link it to cancer. The article published by Reader’s Digest had been forcing the cigarette to confront its products were fully harmful.

While again, another newspaper in New York, Frank Leslie’s Newspaper revealed hiw bad milk was killing children. The article succeed to forced regulators into passing the laws banning swill milk.

On the other end of the globe, Malaysia, the exposé of the 1 Malaysia Development Berhad (1MDB) by a group of economic journalist have shook the world with one simple question – “ Where did you get the money?”. Such questions have invited speculation to call for an investigation on an international level. The United States Department of Justice had labeled Official Malaysia No 1 as the culprit of embezzlement and business corruption that involves 1MDB.

Thats is the standard that today’s business reporters need to fight for the people. Many reporters and editors in United States had changed economic journalism into hopes. And, its part of art. The art in building the country.

Meanwhile in Malaysia, criticism of business journalism increased in 2008 and 2009 as some blamed the field for failing to alert consumers to the economic crisis that occurred during those time.

In addition, many journalist simply follow what they have been heard, read and told regarding to a business topic without questioning the validity of the meaning or understand what the have write about. They don’t ask questions that probe below the surface and so their story or news ado not convey the detailed information and facts that readers need (Selzer,2000).  And that can lead to the bad effect for the readers, audiences and listeners because they will only accept the story which is not even understand by the journalist at the first place!

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This cant be happen. As a journalism student who responsible to record campus memories, the newsroom can be a place where deadlines pressure prohibit reporters from spending one or two days investigating the topic until they feel comfortable enough to write about it. Thus, a credible editor with the supporting knowledge should take time and guide the journalist along, within his or her wisdom.

Next is, perception. Economic reporting are considered by the public as numbers and complicated pages. But business and economic stories can be interesting as gossip pages too. Plus, it should be the best journalism today in newspaper, magazines and else.

Logically, it is a significant to focus on this journalism field because every person in this country think about how much the money they have, how much the money the make, whether their job is safe or not, whether they should looking for a new job and else. They all have something they want to know! And this is so important to have economic stories so that they know which bank and company are safe for their money and job.

Simply said, they want and desirably need better economic and business coverage.

** Special thank you to Prof.Madya Dr. Azman Azwan Azmawati for making this class a best class I ever had so far in university.

Nur Hasliza contributed to this article in his personal capacity. The views expressed are her own and do not necessarily represent the views of Portal Berita Mahasiswa Malaysia.